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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - Burundi

Burundi (BI)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

Kirundi and French. According to L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, the former is de jure, being stipulated in the constitutionm and the latter continues as a de facto official language used in many contexts)

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

The vast majority of the population speaks Kirundi.

Ethnologue lists 3 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=BI

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

Rwanda/Rundi

1.2  Language policy / Politique de langue

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Burundi at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/burundi.htm

b) Agencies / Agences :

Three institutions "involved in or responsible for African Language research" in Burundi (UNESCO 1985). Updated information is needed:

  • Académie de langue et de littérature rundi, Bujumbura
  • Centre de linguistique appliquée du Burundi (CLAB) - Faculté des Lettres, Université de Bujumbura, B.P. 1550 -BUJUMBURA
  • Bureau d'éducation rurale (BER), B.P. 2066 - BUJUMBURA

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 59.3%

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

Languages in Burundi use the Latin Script.

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

UNESCO (1985) reported the following periodical (name, frequency of publication, circulation, language). Updated information is needed:

  • Ubumwe, weekly, 10,000, Kirundi

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire

Burundi is one of the few countries in Africa where virtually all the population has the same mother tongue - Kirundi. Kirundi and Kinyarwanda (language of neighboring Rwanda) are very similar.


2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

  • AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001) (CIA)
  • 12 (WikiEducator, citing a 2007 report)

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI :
  • Internet hosts :
    • 160 (2006) (CIA)
    • 1088 (2006) (WikiEducator, citing a 2007 report)
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet :
    • 25,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 0.3% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats)
    • 2000 (Est 2006) (WikiEducator, citing a 2007 report)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.09 (ITU 2006)

2.3  ICT policy / Politique de TIC

The APC page, "ICT Policy in Burundi" has some information and links:

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

2.5  Resources / Ressources

Association ISOC - Burundi (ISOC chapter) http://www.isoc.bi/


3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

Some sites:

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

(see also specific language pages)

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

Not aware of any.

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

3.5  Localisation policy / Politique de localisation


4.  References / Références

APC, "ICT Policy in Burundi" Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21837e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Burundi," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21837e_1 )

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Burundi," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/burundi.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Burundi," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=BI

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Burundi," https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/by.html

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf

WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Burundi," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Burundi

Wikipedia, "Burundi," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burundi

______, "Burundi," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burundi

______, "Communications in Burundi," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Burundi


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