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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - CapeVerde

Cape Verde - Cap-Vert - Cabo Verde (CV)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées :

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

Portuguese (de jure) with Cape Verde Creole (Kabuverdianu) also mentioned in the constiturion. (Aménagement linguistique)

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

Almost all the population speaks Cape Verde Creole (Kabuverdianu) as their mother tongue.

Ethnologue has a list at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=CV

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

None. (Should Kabuverdianu be added?)

1.2  Language policy / Politique de langue

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Cape Verde at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/Cap-Vert.htm

b) Agencies / Agences :

Ministère de l'Education et de la Culture
Cidade de Praia
(Source: UNESCO, 1985)

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

According to Ethnologue, Portuguese is the language of formal education.

UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 76%

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

UNESCO (1985) reported the following periodicals (name, frequency of publication, circulation, language). Updated information is needed:

  • Voz Di Povo, weekly, 4,000, Portuguese/Cap-verdien
  • Raizes, quarterly, 1,500, Portuguese/Cap-verdien
  • Terra Nova, monthly, 2,100, Portuguese/Cap-verdien

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire

2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines:
    • Telephone mainlines: 143 per 1000 people (APC)
    • Telephones - main lines in use: 71,400 (2005) (CIA)
  • Mobile subscriptions:

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 22 (plus 12 repeaters), shortwave 0 (2002) (CIA)

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI : 1 (2002) (Wikipedia)
  • Internet hosts
    • According to CIA, 234 (2006)
    • According to ISC, 4 (on .cv domain) (2007)
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs: 68.8 per 1000 people (APC)
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 25,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 5.2% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.33 (ITU 2006)

2.3  ICT policy / Politique de TIC

Cape Verde National Information and Communications Infrastructure (NICI) plan (2001): "Plan National de Développement d’Infrastructure des Technologies d’Information et Communication" http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Documents/PNTICS-fr_version_final.pdf

More information on Cape Verde's NICI policy is available at:

The APC page, "ICT Policy in Cape-Verde" has some information and links:

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

WikiEducator has a table on enabling and constraining factors for ICTs in education http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Cape_Verde

2.5  Resources / Ressources

3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

Not aware of any software localisation activities.

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

3.5  Localisation policy / Politique de localisation

4.  References / Références

APC, "ICT Policy in Cape-Verde," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21823e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Cap Vert," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21823e_1

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), "Distribution of Top-Level Domain Names by Host Country, Jan 2007" http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "République du Cap-Vert," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/Cap-Vert.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Cape Verde Islands," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=CV

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Cape Verde," https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cv.html

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf

WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Cape Verde," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Cape_Verde

Wikipedia, "Cabo Verde," http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabo_Verde

______, "Cape Verde," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Verde

______, "Communications in Cape Verde," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Cape_Verde

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