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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - Djibouti

Djibouti - Jabuuti - جيبوتي (DJ)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

French, Standard Arabic, as stipulated in the constitution (Aménagement linguistique)

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

Most of the population speaks Afar, Somali, or Arabic (local dialect)

Ethnologue lists 5 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=DJ

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

Arabic, Somali. A page on Afar is in the More Languages section.

1.2  Language policy / Politique de langue

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Djibouti at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/djibouti.htm

b) Agencies / Agences :

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 65%

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

Arabic, of course, is written with the Arabic script. Somali most commonly uses the unmodified Latin script. Afar apparently also uses the Latin alphabet but also can be written in Ge'ez.

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

1.4  1.d. Other comments / Autre commentaire

2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines:
    • Telephone mainlines: 15 per 1000 people (APC)
    • Telephones - main lines in use: 11,100 (2004) (CIA)
  • Mobile subscriptions:

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI :
  • Internet hosts :
    • According to CIA, 1,540 (2006)
    • According to ISC, 96 on the .dj domain (2007)
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs: 10.9 per 1000 people (APC)
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 9,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 1.2% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.26 (ITU 2006); 0.26, ranked 132 (ITU 2007)
  • ICT Opportunity Index (ICT-OI?):
  • ICT Development Index (IDI):

Djibouti Télécom http://www.adjib.dj/

2.3  ICT policy / Politique de TIC

The Ministère de la communication et de la culture, chargé des postes et des télécommunications http://www.mccpt.dj/ is the government department in charge of ICT development in Djibouti. Under its lead (according to UNECA/AISI (2005?)), the government has developed a 20-year plan with over 30 project areas.

A short document discusses ICT strategy: Richard Labelle (2003) "Priorities for ICT Programming in Djibouti" http://www.mccpt.dj/strategie.doc

Information on Djibouti's ICT policy on UNECA/AISI's NICI site:

The APC page, "ICT Policy in Djibouti" has some information and links:

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

WikiEducator has a page on ICTs and education, including table on enabling and constraining factors, at http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Djibouti

2.5  Resources / Ressources

Institut des Sciences et des Nouvelles Technologies (ISNT)

3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

None known of.

(See also specific language pages.)

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

(See also specific language pages.)

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

3.5  Localisation policy / Politique de localisation

4.  References / Références

APC, "ICT Policy in Djibouti," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21840e_1

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

______. 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2007. World Information Society Report 2007. Geneva: ITU. https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2007/WISR07_full-free.pdf

Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), "Distribution of Top-Level Domain Names by Host Country, Jan 2007" http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Labelle, Richard. 2003. "Priorities for ICT Programming in Djibouti" http://www.mccpt.dj/strategie.doc

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Djibouti," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/djibouti.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Djibouti," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=DJ

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

UNECA/AISI (2005?) "NICI Country Pages: Djibouti" http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Djibouti/djibouti.htm

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Djibouti" https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dj.html

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf

WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Djibouti," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Djibouti

Wikipedia, "Communications in Djibouti," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Djibouti

______, "Djibouti," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djibouti

______, "Djibouti," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djibouti

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