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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - References

A Survey of Localisation in African Languages, and its Prospects: A Background Document

11. References

Note: The various profiles in the Appendices (on the wiki as "L10n Profiles") have other specialized references not noted here

Afnan-Manns, Sheila, and Aimée Dorr. 2003. "Re-evaluating the Bridge! An Expanded Framework for Crossing the Digital Divide through Connectivity, Capability, and Content. A Report on the Digital Divide's Multiple Dimensions: Indicators for Measuring Success." Los Angeles: The Pacific Bell/UCLA Initiative for 21st Century Literacies at the UCLA Graduate School of Education & Information Studies. http://www.newliteracies.gseis.ucla.edu/publications/re-eval_bridge.pdf

Agence de Presse Sénégalaise (APS). 2005. "Un professeur d'anglais à la retraite invente une écriture dénommée 'Typafrica'." APS 06-05-2005. http://www.aps.sn/artfiche.php?page=&id_article=8389

Agence de Presse Sénégalaise (APS). 2004. "Microsoft s'engage à traduire ses logiciels en Wolof (Officiel)." APS 25-10-04. http://www.aps.sn/artfiche.php?page=id_article=3220

Aziz, Naeesa. 2004. "South Africa: Rainbow Nation Pursues 'Elusive Equity'" (Interview). AllAfrica.com, December 15, 2004. http://allafrica.com/stories/200412150903.html

Ballantyne, Peter. 2002. "Collecting and Propagating Local Development Content: Synthesis and Conclusions." Research Report No. 7. IICD in association with the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology; funded by DFID. http://www.iconnect-online.org/base/ic_show_news?sc=107&id=1878

Bamgboṣe, Ayọ. 1991. Language and the Nation: The Language Question in Sub-Saharan Africa. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

______. 1996. "Pride and prejudice in multilingualism and development." In. Richard Fardon and Graham Furniss (Eds), African Languages, Development, and the State. London: Routledge.

Benjamin, Peter. 2000. "African Experience with Telecenters." E-OTI [On the Internet] November-December 2000. http://www.isoc.org/oti/articles/1100/benjamin.html

Bergmann, Frank. 2005. "Open-Source Software and Localization." MultiLingual Computing 70 (Vol. 16, Issue 2). http://www.project-open.com/whitepapers/oss-l10n/

Bernard, H. Russell. 1996. "Language Preservation and Publishing." In N.H. Hornberger, ed. Indigenous Literacies in the Americas; Language Planning from the Bottom Up. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Bohannan, Paul, and Philip Curtin. 1971. Africa and Africans, rev. ed. Garden City, NY: Natural History Press.

________. 1995. Africa and Africans, 4th ed. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.

Bokamba, Eyamba G. 1995. "The Politics of Language Planning in Africa: Critical Choices for the 21st Century." In Martin Putz, ed. Discrimination Through Language in Africa?: Perspectives on the Namibian Experience. Mouton de Gruyter.

Bourbeau, Laurent, and François Pinard. 2000. "Observations, réflexions et perspectives de l'informatisation des langues africaines." Paper prepared for : Bamako 2000 Internet - Les passerelles du développement - Rencontre organisée par le réseau ANAIS. Progiciels Bourbeau-Pinard Inc. (BPI). http://www.progiciels-bpi.ca/man/bam2000/index.html

Brock-Utne, Birgit. 2005. "Language-in-Education Policies and Practices in Africa with a Special Focus on Tanzania and South Africa: Insights from Research in Progress." In A.M.Y. Lin and P.W. Martin, eds. Decolonization, Globalization: Language-in-Education Policy and Practice. Multilingual Matters.

Campbell, David J., and Jennifer M. Olson. 1991. "Framework for Environment and Development: The Kite." CASID Occasional Paper No. 10. East Lansing, MI: Center for Advanced Study of International Development, Michigan State University.

Chanard, Christian. 2005. "Pour une transcription pérenne des langues africaines." Paper delivered at the 27th Internationalization and Unicode Conference (IUC27), Berlin, Germany, 6 April 2005.

Chanard, Christian, and Andrei Popescu-Belis. 2001. "Encodage informatique multilingue: application au contexte du Niger." Cahiers du Rifal, 22: 33-45.

Chaudenson, Robert. 2003. "Langues et numérisation: Français, créoles, langues africaines." In Isidore Ndaywel è Nziem, ed. Les langues africaines et créoles face à leur avenir. Paris: L'Harmattan. Pp. 131-152.

Cissé, Thierno, Chérif Mbodj, Marc Van Campenhoudt, and Mohamédoune Wane. 2004. "Expérimentation de normes de balisage en langues partenaires." In Penser la Francophonie: Concepts, actions et outils linguistiques. Actes des premières Journées scientifiques communes des réseaux de chercheurs concernant la langue, Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso), 31 mai – 1er juin 2004. Paris: AUF. Pp. 77-88. http://www.termisti.refer.org/ouagadougou.pdf

Coulmas, Florian. 1992. Language and Economy. Oxford: Blackwell.

Crawford, Susan. 2006. "Testing IDNs." CircleID http://www.circleid.com/posts/testing_internationalized_domain_names_idns/

Crystal, David. 2004. The Language Revolution. Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Daily Champion. 2004. "Igbo: Endangered Language" (Editorial). December 20, 2004. http://allafrica.com/stories/200412201271.html

Diki-Kidiri, Marcel, and Atibakwa Baboya Edema. 2003. "Les langues africaines sur la Toile." Cahiers du Rifal, 23: 5-32.

Diki-Kidiri, Marcel, Chérif Mbodj, and Atibakwa Baboya Edema. 1997. "Des lexiques en langues africaines (Sängö, Wolof, Lingala) pour l'utilisateur de l'ordinateur." Meta 42(1): 94-109 http://www.erudit.org/revue/meta/1997/v42/n1/003313ar.pdf

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Dwyer, David. 1997. A Webbook of African Language Resources. African Studies Center, Michigan State University. http://www.isp.msu.edu/AfrLang/hiermenu.html

Dwyer, David. 1987. A Handbook of African Language Resources. African Studies Center, Michigan State University

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Enguehard, Chantal, and Chérif Mbodj. 2005. "Des correcteurs orthographiques pour les langues africaines." In S. Vienney et M. Bioud, eds. Bulag 29 - Correction automatique : bilan et perspectives. Centre Tesnière, Université de Franche-Comté. http://www.univ-fcomte.fr/download/pufc/document/doc_en_ligne/ouvrages_en_ligne/bulag_29_.pdf

Enguehard, Chantal, and Chérif Mbodj. 2003 "Flore: un site coopératif pour recueillir et diffuser les noms des plantes dans les langues africaines." Cahiers du Rifal', 23: 46-54.

Fantognan, Xavier. 2005. "A Note on African Languages on the Worldwide Web." In Paolillo, John, Daniel Pimienta, Daniel Prado, et al, eds. Measuring linguistic diversity on the Internet. A collection of papers. Montreal: UNESCO. (CI.2005/WS/06) http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001421/142186e.pdf

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Haugen, Einar. 2001. "The Ecology of Language." In A. Fill and P. Mühlhäusler, eds. The Ecolinguistics Reader. London: Continuum. Pp. 57-66. [Originally published in: A.S. Dil, ed. 1972. The Ecology of Language: Essays by Einar Haugen. Stanford: Stanford University Press.]

Herbert, Robert K. 1992. "Language in a Divided Society." In R.K. Herbert, ed. Language and Society in Africa: The Theory and Practice of Sociolinguistics. Witwatersrand University Press. Pp. 1-19.

Hosken, Martin. 2003. "An introduction to keyboard design theory: What goes where?" SIL http://scripts.sil.org/KeybrdDesign

IDRC. 2005. "The Acacia Atlas: Mapping African ICT Growth." Ottawa: IDRC.

International Organization for Standardization. 2006. "ISO and Africa." June 2006. http://www.iso.org/iso/en/comms-markets/developingcountries/pdf/iso_and_africa.pdf

International Organization for Standardization. 2004. "ISO 15924:2004. Information and documentation -- Codes for the representation of names of scripts." January 2004.

International Organization for Standardization. 2002. "ISO 639-1:2002. Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code."

International Organization for Standardization. 1998. "ISO 639-2:1998. Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 2: Alpha-3 code, first edition."

International Organization for Standardization. 1988. "ISO 3166:1988. Codes for the representation of names of countries, 3rd edition." August 1988.

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Jensen, Mike. 1998. "African Internet Connectivity: Summary of International ICT Development Projects in Africa." http://www3.sn.apc.org/africa/projects.htm

________. 2002. "Information and Communication Technologies (ICTS) in Africa – A Status Report." http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/wsis-themes/UNMDG/jensen-icts-africa.doc

Joshi, R.M., and P.G. Aaron, eds. 2005. Handbook of Orthography and Literacy. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Leclerc, Jacques. n.d. "L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde." http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/afracc.htm

Lotanna, Adiekwue A. 2005. "Revitalising the Igbo Language." Daily Champion November 28, 2005. http://allafrica.com/stories/200511280234.html

Mackey, William F. 1989. "Status of Languages in Multinational Societies." In U. Ammon, ed. Status and Function of Language and Language Varieties. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Pp. 3-20.

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Matwyshyn, Andrea M. 2003. "Silicon Ceilings: Information Technology Equity, the Digital Divide and the Gender Gap among Information Technology Professionals." Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property 2(1). http://www.law.northwestern.edu/journals/njtip/v2/n1/2

Mazrui, Ali A., and Alamin M. Mazrui. 1998. The Power of Babel: Language and Governance in the African Experience. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Microsoft Corporation. 2004. "Microsoft Enables Millions More to Experience Personal Computing Through Local Language Program." PressPass - Information for Journalists, March 16, 2004. http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2004/mar04/03-16LLPPR.asp

Miller Esselaar and Associates. 2001. "A Country ICT Survey for Tanzania: Final Report," November 2001, Prepared for Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency http://www.milless.co.za/downloads/Sida%20report%20-%20Tanzania.pdf

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Okombo, D. Okoth. 2001. "Language Policy: The Forgotten Parameter in African Development and Governance Strategies." Inaugural Lecture, University of Nairobi.

Okpaku, Joseph O., Sr. 2003. "Towards a Road Map for ICT Development in Africa." In J.O. Okpaku, Sr. (ed.) Information and Communications Technologies for African Development: An Assessment of Progress and the Challenges Ahead. http://www.ict4development.org/resources/books/ICTAfricanDev.pdf

Ongarora, David Ogoti. 2002. “African Languages in Development: Prospects and Encumbrances.” In Francis R. Owino, ed. Speaking African: African Languages for Education and Development. Cape Town: CASAS. Pp. 63-75.

"Open Source's Local Heroes." 2003. The Economist 4 December 2003

Osborn, Donald. 2005. "African Languages and Information and Communication Technology: Localizing the Future." Localisation Focus, 4(2), June 2005.

Osborn, Donald. 2004. "African Languages and ICT: Literacy, Access and the Future." Paper presented at the Annual Conference of African Linguistics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - April 2-4, 2004

Osborn, Donald. 2001. "The Knotty Problem of Using African Languages for E-Mail and Internet." Balancing Act's News Update, No. 69. http://www.balancingact-africa.com/news/back/balancing-act_69.html

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