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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - SouthSudan

South Sudan - Soudan du Sud (SS)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

English is indicated in the 2011 constitution as "the official working language" and "the language of instruction at all levels of education."

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

The 2011 constitution indicates that "All indigenous languages of South Sudan are national languages and shall be respected, developed and promoted."

Ethnologue lists 68 living languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SS

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

Dinka, Nuer, Zande. Arabic is also spoken by a significant number of people, mainly as an L2? and LWC. There may also be some Fula and Hausa speakers.

1.2  Policy / Politique

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on South Sudan at http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/afrique/soudan-Sud.htm

b) Agencies / Agences :

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

Literacy rate (figures are given without reference to which language[s]):

  • UNDP (2006) gave a literacy figure of: 60.9% (includes Sudan)
  • Ethnologue (mid-2000s) gave a literacy figure of: 20% to 27% (includes Sudan)

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

Latin-based scripts (with extended characters) are used for the languages of South Sudan. [Defined where? name of conference in 1920s? subsequent standardizations? current status still in flux?]

A chart showing the Latin extended characters and diacritics used in some South Sudanese languages is available at http://www.bisharat.net/A12N/SUDAN-table.htm

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire

2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines: Telephone mainlines: 14 per 1000 people (APC; accessed 2006) (includes Sudan)
  • Mobile subscriptions: 650,000 (2.0 per 100 people) (ITU 2004 cited in Vodafone 2005) (includes Sudan)

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI :
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs: 3.6 per 1000 people (APC; accessed 2006) (includes Sudan)
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 1,140,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 3.2% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats) (includes Sudan)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.19 (ITU 2006) (for Sudan)
  • ICT Development Index (IDI):

2.3  Policy / Politique

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

2.5  Resources / Ressources

3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

(See also specific language pages.)

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

(See also specific language pages.)

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

4.  References / Références

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Soudan du Sud," http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/afrique/soudan-Sud.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of South Sudan," http://www.ethnologue.com/country/SS

Sudan, "The Interim National Constitution of the Republic of the Sudan," http://www.mpil.de/shared/data/pdf/inc_official_electronic_version.pdf

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf

Wikipedia, "Languages of South Sudan," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_South_Sudan

______, "South Sudan," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sudan

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