Speech recognition

"Speech recognition (in many contexts also known as automatic speech recognition [ASR], computer speech recognition or erroneously as voice recognition) is the process of converting a speech signal to a sequence of words, by means of an algorithm implemented as a computer program." (Wikipedia)

En fran├žais, c'est reconnaissance de la parole ou reconnaissance automatique de la parole (RAP).

Reference

Wikipedia, "Speech recognition," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_recognition