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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - Comoros

Comoros - Comores - Komori - القمر (KM)

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1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

Shikomor (Comorian), French and Arabic, as stipulated in the constitution (Aménagement linguistique).

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

Ethnologue's list at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=KM shows 4 dialects of Comorian (Shikomor)

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

Swahili, though Shikomor is different enough that intercomprehension is difficult.

1.2  Language policy / Politique de langue

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Comoros at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/comores.htm

b) Agencies / Agences :

Institut pédagogique national
(Source: UNESCO, 1985)

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 56%

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

The Latin alphabet is used for Shikamor.

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire

2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines:
    • Telephone mainlines: 12 per 1000 people (APC)
    • Telephones - main lines in use: 16,900 (2005) (CIA)
  • Mobile subscriptions:

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001) (CIA)

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI : 1 (1999) (Wikipedia)
  • Internet hosts : 5 on .km domain (ISC); CIA (2006) also gives the number of 5
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs: 5.5 per 1000 people (APC)
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 20,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 2.9% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.14 (ITU 2006); 0.17, ranked 156 (ITU 2007)
  • ICT Opportunity Index (ICT-OI?):
  • ICT Development Index (IDI):

2.3  ICT policy / Politique de TIC

According to WikiEducator: "Comoros has a national ICT policy which includes consideration for the provision of access to and use of ICTs in education."

Comoros adopted a National Information and Communications Infrastructure (NICI) plan in 2004 (UNECA/AISI)

Govt. ICT Policy is discussed in: "Lettre de Politique de Développement des Nouvelles Technologies de l’Information et de la Communication (NTIC) 2004-2008" http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Documents/LETTRE%20%20DE%20%20POLITIQUE%20%20%20NTIC%20COMORES.pdf

More information on Comoro's NICI policy is available at:

The APC page, "ICT Policy in Comoros" has some information and links:

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

WikiEducator has a page on ICTs and education, including table on enabling and constraining factors, at http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Comoros

2.5  Resources / Ressources

3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

Not aware of any software localisation activities.

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

3.5  Localisation policy / Politique de localisation

4.  References / Références

APC, "ICT Policy in Comoros," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21838e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Comores," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21838e_1

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

______. 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2007. World Information Society Report 2007. Geneva: ITU. https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2007/WISR07_full-free.pdf

Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), "Distribution of Top-Level Domain Names by Host Country, Jan 2007" http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/reports/2007-02/dist-bynum.php

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Comoros," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/comores.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Comoros," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=KM

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

UNECA/AISI (2005?) "NICI Country Pages: Comoros" http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Comoros/comoros.htm

UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Comoros," https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cn.html

WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Comoros," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Comoros

Wikipedia, "Communications in Comoros," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Comoros

______, "Comores (pays)," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comores

______, "Comoros," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comoros

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