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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - ELWC


European language of wider communication (ELWC) is a term coined by linguist Eyamba G. Bokamba (1995) for languages of European origin introduced into Africa during the colonial period and established as official languages? and as lingua francas to varying degrees: English, French, Portuguese, and, in one country, Spanish.

An alternate expansion of "ELWC" is Europhone language of wider communication. Using "Europhone" as opposed to "European" recognizes that these languages in some ways are no longer completely European, even if their cultural roots and centers are still in the West.

ELWCs are in effect a major subset of "international LWCs" (ILWCs).

ELWCs of course dominate in web content and software/apps in Africa and most of the world.


  • Bokamba, Eyamba G. 1995. "The Politics of Language Planning in Africa: Critical Choices for the 21st Century." In Martin Putz, ed. Discrimination Through Language in Africa?: Perspectives on the Namibian Experience. Mouton de Gruyter.

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