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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - Mauritius

Mauritius - Maurice - Moris (MU)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

French and English. English has the role of special status in the Parliament.

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

Most of the population speaks Mauritian Creole, Morisyen (French-based).

Ethnologue lists 6 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MU

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

Isle de France Creole

1.2  Policy / Politique

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Mauritius at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/maurice.htm

b) Agencies / Agences :

Mahatma Ghandi Institute
MOKA
(Source: UNESCO, 1985)

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 84.4%

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

The Latin alphabet is used.

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire

The Creole of Mauritius is somewhat similar to that of the Seychelles and to a lesser degree that of Reunion.


2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines: Telephone mainlines: 257 per 1000 people (APC)
  • Mobile subscriptions: 463,000 (37.9 per 100 people) (ITU 2004 cited in Vodafone 2005)

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI :
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs: 109.1 per 1000 people (APC)
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 180,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 14.1% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.48 (ITU 2006)

2.3  Policy / Politique

The APC page, "ICT Policy in Mauritius," has some information and links:

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

2.5  Resources / Ressources

ICT info http://www.emich.edu/ict_usa/MAURITIUS.HTM

Internet Society Chapter of Mauritius (ISOC chapter) http://www.isoc-mu.org/


3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

http://www.kreol.mu/

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

(See also specific language pages.)

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

(See also specific language pages.)

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations


4.  References / Références

APC, "ICT Policy in Mauritius," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21814e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Maurice (Île)," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21814e_1 )

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Ile Maurice," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/maurice.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Mauritius," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MU

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf

Wikipedia, "Maurice," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice

______, "Mauritius," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauritius


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