São Tomé e Príncipe (ST)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

None in constitution or legislation though Portuguese and the local creole (Portuguese-based) are used in government (Portuguese for written communication) (Aménagement). Wikipedia, however, indicates that Portuguese and 3 forms of Portuguese creole are official.

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

No legislated status. Creoles, especially the Sao Tomean variety, are spoken and there is apparently a community of Fang speakers (according to L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde but not Ethnologue).

Ethnologue's list of 4 languages is at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=ST

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

None. (Fang is listed under Beti)

1.2  Policy / Politique

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/Sao-Tome-Principe.htm (see section 4)

b) Agencies / Agences :

Institut national de 1'éducation et de la culture - SAO TOME
(Source: UNESCO, 1985)

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 83.1%

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

Latin alphabet is used.

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire :

2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines: Telephone mainlines: 36 per 1000 people (APC)
  • Mobile subscriptions: 5,000 (3.2 per 100 people) (ITU 2004 cited in Vodafone 2005)

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth:
  • ISPs:
  • Geographic coverage:

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs:
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 20,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 11.7% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.14 (ITU 2006)

2.3  Policy / Politique

The APC page, "ICT Policy in Sao Tome and Principe" has some information and links: http://rights.apc.org/africa/test.shtml?apc=s21856e_1

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

2.5  Resources / Ressources

3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

4.  References / Références

APC, "ICT Policy in Sao Tome and Principe," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/test.shtml?apc=s21856e_1

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf

______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "São Tomé e Príncipe," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/Sao-Tome-Principe.htm

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of São Tomé e Príncipe," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=ST

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf

''Wikipedia, "São Tomé and Príncipe," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/São_Tomé_and_Príncipe

______, "São Tomé e Príncipe," http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/São_Tomé_e_Príncipe

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