Various international technical standards inform and facilitate localisation.

Organisations involved in standards

Standards organisations and other organisations that have issued standards (see their respective pages for lists of standards they manage):

  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
  • Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS)
  • Unicode Consortium

Other specific standards

  • Translation Memory eXchange (TMX)