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PanAfriL10n - PanAfrLoc - UNESCOsList

List of 159 "African community languages"

This is one of 5 lists of major African languages reviewed in 2006
for revising the list of Major Languages on this wiki.

This list of "community languages" is copied (via a scan) from: UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African community languages and their use in literacy? and education : a regional survey. Dakar : UNESCO.* The table below is adapted from Appendix I of the report (pp. 79-81). Links have been added to relevant sections of this wiki. (See also notes at bottom of page.)


Appendix I - Alphabetical list of African community languages

 LanguageCountry
1.AbuaNigeria
2.AdjaBenin
3.AizoBenin
4.AkanGhana
5.AmboNamibia
6.Ahmaric/AmharignaEthiopia
 Amharigna - See Amharic
7.AnaangNigeria
8.AngasNigeria
 Annabones - See Crioulo
9.AtesoUganda
10.BambaraMali
11.Banjun/GomalaCameroon
12.BaouleIvory Coast
 Bali - See Mungaka
13.BariSudan
14.BaribaBenin
15.BarmaChad
16.BasaaCameroon
17.BassaLiberia
18.BejaSudan
19.BelleLiberia
20.BembaZambia
21.BerounNigeria
22.BeteIvory Coast
23.Bhojpuri/HindiMauritius
24.BuraNigeria
 Cap-verdien - See Crioulo
25.Chamba-DakaNigeria
26.ChichewaMalawi
27.ChokweAngola
28.CilubaZaire
29.Cisena-CipodzoMozambique
30.Comorien/NgazijaComoro Islands
31.Creole/Fernandino/Krio/PidginCameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
32.Crioulo/Annobones Cap-verdien/Guinense Saotomense/PrincipenseCape Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Sao Tome/Principe?
33.DagaareGhana
34.DagbaniGhana
35.DangmeGhana
 Dendi - See Songhay
36.DinkaSudan
37.DogonMali
38.DoualaCameroon
39.DukaNigeria
40.Dyula/JulaIvory Coast, Upper Volta
41.EbiraNigeria
42.EdoNigeria
43.EfikNigeria
44.EkpoyeNigeria
45.EsanNigeria
46.EweGhana, Togo
47.EwondoCameroon
48.FangEquatorial Guinea, Gabon
49.FefeCameroon
 Ferdinandino - See Creole
50.FiyoteAngola
51.FonBenin
 Fula - See Fulfulde
52.Fulfulde/Fula/Peul Pular/PulaarBenin, Cameroon, Gambia, Guinea, Upper Volta, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
53.GaGhana
 Gomala - See Banjun
54.GonjaGhana
 Gourmanche - See Gulimancema
55.GunBenin
56.GurenneGhana
57.Gulimancema/GourmancheUpper Volta
58.GwariNigeria
59.HausaGhana, Niger, Nigeria
60.HassaniyaMauritania
61.HereroNamibia
 Hindi - See Bhojpuri
62.IbibioNigeria
63.IdomaNigeria
64.IgalaNigeria
65.IgboNigeria
66.IgedeNigeria
67.IjoNigeria
68.Imakua - IlomweMozambique
69.IsokoNigeria
70.Jola/JoolaSenegal
 Jula - See Dyula
71.KabyeTogo
72.KalabariNigeria
73.KalenjinKenya
74.KamukuNigeria
75.KamweNigeria
76.KanuriNiger, Nigeria
77.KaondeZambia
78.KasemGhana
79.KikambaKenya
80.Kikongo/MunukutubaAngola, Congo, Zaire
81.KikuyuKenya
82.KimbunduAngola
83.KinyarwandaRwanda
84.KirundiBurundi
85.KisiGuinea
86.KiswahiliBurundi, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire
87.KonkombaGhana
88.KpelleGuinea, Liberia
89.KrahnLiberia
90.Kreol/Mauricien/ SeychelloisMauritius, Seychelles
 Krio - See Creole
91.KusaalGhana
92.KwangaliNamibia
93.KwanyamaAngola
94.LelaNigeria
95.LimbaSierra Leone
96.LingalaCongo, Zaire
97.LomaGuinea
98.LoziNamibia, Zambia
99.LugandaUganda
100.LugbaraUganda
101.LuluyiaKenya
102.LundaZambia
103.LuoKenya, Uganda
104.LuvaleZambia
 Mandingue – See Mandinka
105.MahiBenin
106.MakaCameroon
107.MalgacheMadagascar
 Malinke - See Mandinka
 Mandingo - See Mandinka
108.Mandinka/Madingue Malinke/Mandingo ManinkaGambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Senegal
 Maninka - See Mandinka
 Mauricien - See Kreol
109.MendeSierra Leone
110.MooreUpper Volta
111.MoruSudan
112.MumuyeNigeria
113.Mungaka/BaliCameroon
 Munukutuba - See Kikongo
114.NamaNamibia
115.NdebeleZimbabwe
116.NgangelaAngola
117.NuerSudan
118.NupeNigeria
119.NyanjaZambia
120.NzemaGhana
 Oromigna - See Oromo
121.Oromo/OromignaEthiopia
122.OtetelaZaire
 Peul - See Fulfulde
 Pidgin - See Creole
 Principense – See Crioulo
 Pulaar - See Fulfulde
 Pular - See Fulfulde
123.ResheNigeria
 Ruchiga - See Runyankore
124.Runyankore/RuchigaUganda
125.Runyoro/RutoroUganda
 Rutoro - See Runyoro
126.SahoueBenin
 Saotomense - See Crioulo
127.SangoC.A.R.
128.SaraChad
129.SenufoIvory Coast
130.SeereerSenegal
131.SesothoLesotho
132.SetswanaBotswana, Namibia
 Seychellois – See Kreol
133.ShitsongaMozambique
134.ShonaMozambique, Zimbabwe
135.SisalaGhana
136.SiswatiSwaziland
137.SomaliSomalia
138.SombaBenin
139.Songhay/Dendi/ZarmaBenin, Mali, Niger, Nigeria
140.SoninkeMali, Mauritania, Senegal
141.SusuGuinea
 Tamajaq – See Tamashek
142.Tamashek/TamajaqMali, Niger
143.TemneSierra Leone
144.Tigre?Ethiopia
145.TigrignaEthiopia
146.TivNigeria
147.TongaZambia
148.Tori/TorriBenin
 Torri - See Tori
149.TourkouChad
150.TumbukaMalawi
151.UmbunduAngola
152.UrhoboNigeria
153.VaiLiberia
154.WamaBenin
155.WolaitignaEthiopia
156.WolofGambia, Mauritania, Senegal
157.YerkheeNigeria
158.YorubaBenin, Nigeria
 Zarma – See Songhay
159.ZandeSudan

Notes:

  • No languages of South Africa were included in the survey.
  • North Africa is not included.
  • Zaire has again become the Democratic Republic of the Congo, since the date the list was published.
  • 144. Tigre & 145. Tigrigna would also be mapped to Eritrea which was not an independent country at the time of the survey.
  • 13. Bari, 36. Dinka, 111. Moru, 117. Nuer, & 159. Zande would be mapped to South Sudan which was not an independent country at the time of the survey.
  • The full document from which this table was excerpted can be accessed online at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0009/000933/093309eb.pdf

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