South Sudan - Soudan du Sud (SS)

1.  Language information / Données sur les langues

1.1  Languages spoken / Langues parlées

a) Official / Officielle(s) :

English is indicated in the 2011 constitution as "the official working language" and "the language of instruction at all levels of education."

b) National, indigenous / Nationale(s), indigène(s) :

The 2011 constitution indicates that "All indigenous languages of South Sudan are national languages and shall be respected, developed and promoted."

Ethnologue lists 68 living languages at

c) Relevant pages in the Major Languages section of this report / Pages appropriées dans la section de ce rapport sur les Langues principales :

Dinka, Nuer, Zande. Arabic is also spoken by a significant number of people, mainly as an L2? and LWC. There may also be some Fula and Hausa speakers.

1.2  Policy / Politique

a) Laws/legislation / Lois/législation :

The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on South Sudan at

b) Agencies / Agences :

c) Languages in education/literacy / Langues dans l'éducation/l'alphabétisation :

Literacy rate (figures are given without reference to which language[s]):

  • UNDP (2006) gave a literacy figure of: 60.9% (includes Sudan)
  • Ethnologue (mid-2000s) gave a literacy figure of: 20% to 27% (includes Sudan)

1.3  Writing in national/indigenous languages / Ecriture en langues nationales/indigènes

a) Orthographies / Orthographes :

Latin-based scripts (with extended characters) are used for the languages of South Sudan. [Defined where? name of conference in 1920s? subsequent standardizations? current status still in flux?]

A chart showing the Latin extended characters and diacritics used in some South Sudanese languages is available at

b) Print publications / Editions imprimées :

1.4  Other comments / Autre commentaire

2.  ICT situation / Situation des TIC

2.1  Infrastructure / Infrastructure

a) Telephones / Téléphones :

  • Fixed lines: Telephone mainlines: 14 per 1000 people (APC; accessed 2006) (includes Sudan)
  • Mobile subscriptions: 650,000 (2.0 per 100 people) (ITU 2004 cited in Vodafone 2005) (includes Sudan)

b) Radio stations / Stations de radio :

c) Connectivity / Connectivité :

  • International internet bandwidth / Bande passante internationale d'internet :
  • ISPs / FSI :
  • Geographic coverage / Couverture géographique :

2.2  Computer & internet access / Accès aux ordinateurs et à l'internet

a) Computers & points of access / Ordinateurs et lieux d'accès :

  • Number of computers / Nombre d'ordinateurs: 3.6 per 1000 people (APC; accessed 2006) (includes Sudan)
  • Cybercafés / Cybercafés:
  • Project telecentres / Télécentres de projets:

b) Internet / Internet :

  • Dial-up subscribers / Abonnés par ligne téléphonique :
  • Internet users / Utilisateurs de l'internet : 1,140,000 Internet users as of Sept/05, 3.2% of the population, per ITU (Internet World Stats) (includes Sudan)

c) Other / Autre :

  • Digital Opportunity Index (DOI): 0.19 (ITU 2006) (for Sudan)
  • ICT Development Index (IDI):

2.3  Policy / Politique

2.4  ICT4D/E & ICT training / TIC pour le développement/éducation, et formation en TIC

2.5  Resources / Ressources

3.  Localisation situation / Situation de localisation

3.1  Country web content / Contenu web du pays

3.2  Web content in indigenous languages / Contenu web en langues indigènes

(See also specific language pages.)

3.3  Software localisation / Localisation de logiciel

(See also specific language pages.)

3.4  Projects & organisations / Projets et organisations

4.  References / Références

International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU.

______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.

Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006.

Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Soudan du Sud,"

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of South Sudan,"

Sudan, "The Interim National Constitution of the Republic of the Sudan,"

UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) ]

UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.

Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005.

Wikipedia, "Languages of South Sudan,"

______, "South Sudan,"

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