Edo - Bini

Ẹ̀dó - Bini

1.  Classification / Classification

Edo or Bini belongs to the North-Central Edo Group of Kwa. (Webbook?)

Ethnologue? lists the classification as: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Edoid, North-Central, Edo-Esan-Ora

2.  Where Spoken / Localisation géographique

It is spoken in Edo State, Nigeria. (Webbook)

3.  Number of Speakers / Nombre de locuteurs

1,000,000 (1999 WA) (Ethnologue)

4.  Dialect Survey / Enquête de dialecte

No significant regional dialect differences have been noted. Wescott (personal communication, 1986) reports that there are perceptible differences in "age dialects." (Webbook)

5.  Usage / Utilisation

Edo is a lingua franca in the midwestern region of Nigeria and is also a national language. Grimes (1996) reports that it is used "in radio, television, adult, primary, and secondary education, dictionary, history text, and mother tongue authored literature." (Webbook)

6.  Orthography / Orthographe

6.1  Status / Statut

Latin-based script using extended characters including ẹ and ọ (tone marks would require combining diacritics for these characters).

6.2  Sample Alphabet / Alphabet exemple

Alphabet as reported by Hartell (1993) and presented in Systèmes alphabétiques: http://sumale.vjf.cnrs.fr/phono/AfficheTableauOrtho2N.php?choixLangue=e%CC%A3do+%28bini%29

Sample text on the "Language Museum" site: http://www.language-museum.com/e/edo.htm

7.  Use in ICT / Utilisation dans les TIC

7.1  Fonts / Polices

Fonts with extended Latin ranges would be necessary.

7.2  Keyboards / Claviers

Keyboard Layouts

Production Keyboards

Lancor's "KỌNYIN" keyboard for Windows includes all needed characters for Edo - http://www.konyin.com/

7.3  Content on computers & internet / Contenu en informatique et sur l'Internet

Iyen Emwen Etin ne O Kheke Omwan na ya wewe Vbe Uhunmwun oto-agbon hia (Universal Declaration of Human Rights): http://www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/edo.htm

7.4  Localized software / Logiciels localisés

None known of.

7.5  Language codes / Codes de langue

  • ISO 639-1: -
  • ISO 639-2: bin
  • ISO 639-3: bin

7.6  Other / Autre

The "Edo Nation" site http://www.edo-nation.net/ has a section on the Edo language (see left column; text appears to be in outdated 8-bit font)

8.  Localisation resources / Ressources pour localisation

8.1  Individuals (experts) / Individuelles (experts)

8.2  Institutions / Institutions


  • Lancor Technologies, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria

8.3  On the internet / Sur la toile

9.  Comments / Remarques

10.  References / Références

Dwyer, David (1997), Webbook of African Languages, http://africa.isp.msu.edu/afrlang/hiermenu.html (page on "Edo (Bini)," http://africa.isp.msu.edu/afrlang/Edo-root.html )

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Edo," http://www.ethnologue.com/language/bin

SIL International, "ISO 639 Code Tables," http://www-01.sil.org/iso639-3/codes.asp

U.S. Library of Congress, "ISO 639.2: Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages: Alpha-3 codes arranged alphabetically by the English name of language," http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/php/English_list.php

Wikipedia, "Edo language," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edo_language

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Categories: Languages, Nigeria