1.  Classification / Classification

Ijo or Ijaw represents a "language cluster" within Kwa.... More recent treatments (Bennett and Sterk 1977) suggest that the Ijoid languages are not part of the Benue-Congo group but are more distantly related. (Webbook?)

2.  Where Spoken / Localisation géographique

It is spoken in Bendel and Rivers states, Nigeria. (Webbook)

3.  Number of Speakers / Nombre de locuteurs

4.  Dialect Survey / Enquête de dialecte

Williamson found four "major dialect clusters" which she felt to be mutually unintelligible; ... She noted that "there is no standard form of Ijo" (personal communication, 1983). (Webbook, with modification)

5.  Usage / Utilisation

Ijo is a regional language. (Webbook)

6.  Orthography / Orthographe

6.1  Status / Statut

Several of the dialect clusters have standardized orthographies introduced by Williamson; some do not. (Webbook) These are Latin-based alphabets including diacritic characters.

6.2  Sample Alphabet / Alphabet exemple

Alphabet for eastern Ijo (Okrika) as reported by Hartell (1993) as presented in Systèmes alphabétiques: http://sumale.vjf.cnrs.fr/phono/AfficheTableauOrtho2N.php?choixLangue=ijo+de+l%27est+%28okrika%29

Sample text of southeast Ijo on the "Language Museum" site (NB, this may not be an official orthography): http://www.language-museum.com/i/ijo-southeast.htm

7.  Use in ICT / Utilisation dans les TIC

7.1  Fonts / Polices

7.2  Keyboards / Claviers

a) Keyboard Layouts / Dispositions de clavier

b) Physical Keyboards / Claviers de production

Lancor's "KỌNYIN" keyboard for Windows includes all needed characters for Ijo - http://www.konyin.com/

7.3  Content on computers & internet / Contenu en informatique et sur l'Internet

7.4  Localized software / Logiciels localisés

7.5  Language codes / Codes de langue

  • ISO 639-1: -
  • ISO 639-2: ijo
  • ISO 639-3: -

7.6  Other / Autre

8.  Localisation resources / Ressources pour localisation

8.1  Individuals (experts) / Individuelles (experts)

8.2  Institutions / Institutions

8.3  On the internet / Sur la toile

The Ijaw Dictionary Project http://www.ijawdictionary.com(approve sites) (site responds, but content doesn't load, 2015-11-14)

9.  Comments / Remarques

This page needs more attention - the language/dialect situation is complex.

10.  References / Références

Chanard, Christian (2006), Systèmes alphabétiques des langues africaines, LLACAN, CNRS, http://sumale.vjf.cnrs.fr/phono/

Dwyer, David (1997), Webbook of African Languages, http://africa.isp.msu.edu/afrlang/hiermenu.html (page on "Ijo," http://africa.isp.msu.edu/afrlang/Ijo_root.html )

Hartell, Rhonda L., ed. (1993), The Alphabets of Africa. Dakar: UNESCO and SIL. (The French edition, published the same year, is entitled Alphabets de Langues Africaines).

SIL International, "Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: ijo," http://www-01.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=ijo

U.S. Library of Congress, "ISO 639.2: Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages: Alpha-3 codes arranged alphabetically by the English name of language," http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/php/English_list.php

Wikipedia, "Ijaw languages," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ijaw_languages

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Categories: Languages, Nigeria