1.  Classification / Classification

Umbundu belongs to the Umbundu Group of Bantu (Guthrie R10). Umbundu should not be confused with Kimbundu (Guthrie H21). (Webbook?)

Ethnologue? lists the classification as: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, R, South Mbundu (R.10)

2.  Where Spoken / Localisation géographique

It is spoken in central Angola in the provinces of Bie, Huambo, and Benguela. (Webbook)

3.  Number of Speakers / Nombre de locuteurs

4,000,000 in Angola (1995 WA). Population total all countries: 4,002,880. (Ethnologue)

4.  Dialect Survey / Enquête de dialecte

No thorough dialect survey is known to us as of this writing. (Webbook)

Related to Nkhumbi, Ndombe, Nyaneka. (Ethnologue)

5.  Usage / Utilisation

Umbundu is one of the national languages of Angola, where it is being used extensively in literacy projects. It is also heard on broadcasts of Radio National de Angola. (Webbook)

Trade language. (Ethnologue)

6.  Orthography / Orthographe

6.1  Status / Statut

A UNESCO-sponsored literacy project in 1981-1982 has helped standardize an orthography. (Webbook) It is Latin-based. [current info, more details?]

6.2  Sample Alphabet / Alphabet exemple

7.  Use in ICT / Utilisation dans les TIC

7.1  Fonts / Polices

7.2  Keyboard layouts / Dispositions de clavier

7.3  Content on computers & internet / Contenu en informatique et sur l'Internet

Universal Declaration of Human Rights:

7.4  Localized software / Logiciels localisés

No information on localisation efforts.

7.5  Language codes / Codes de langue

  • ISO 639-1: -
  • ISO 639-2: umb
  • ISO 639-3: umb

7.6  Locales / Paramètres régionaux

7.7  Other / Autre

8.  Localisation resources / Ressources pour localisation

8.1  Individuals (experts) / Individuelles (experts)

8.2  Institutions / Institutions

8.3  On the internet / Sur la toile

9.  Comments / Remarques

10.  References / Références

Dwyer, David (1997), Webbook of African Languages, (page on "Umbundu," )

SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Umbundu,"

SIL International, "ISO 639 Code Tables,"

U.S. Library of Congress, "ISO 639.2: Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages: Alpha-3 codes arranged alphabetically by the English name of language,"

Wikipedia, "Umbundu language,"

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Categories: Languages, Angola